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Digital Infrastructure’s Broadband Dictionary

Emma Reay, Communications Officer

Confused with how many words are used to describe broadband nowadays? It can very easily become too much to understand, so here’s our guide for the top ten most used phrases used to describe broadband and what they mean.

1. Fibre to the Premises (FTTP)

FTTP is an advanced cable delivery method which provides a fast and reliable broadband connection using a pure fibre optic cable connected from the exchange to the premises.

With this kind of connection, data is delivered via light reaching speeds of over 100mbps.  

The speed and performance of this type of connection is consistently faster and more reliable compared to FTTC.

2. Fibre to the Cabinet (FTTC)

FTTC uses a mix of fibre optic cables and copper cables.  

Fibre optic cables are used up to the street cabinet, and a copper telephone line is then connected to your home or place of work.  

This provides an internet connection which is linked to the router in your home, reaching speeds of 20-80mbps.  

FTTC is a much cheaper alternative to FTTP, however the connection is much slower compared to FTTP which moves at the literal speed of light.

3. ISP

ISP or Internet Service Provider is a company who provide internet connections to a business or individual through a home, mobile or satellite connection.

4. Fibre

Fibre is a type of high-speed broadband which uses fibre optic cables. This type of connection is faster at transferring data compared to copper cables.  

A glass tube is used to send network signals travelling at the speed of light.

5. Next Generation Access

Next Generation Access or NGA refers to wired access networks which consist of optical elements which can deliver broadband at a much faster, stable connection compared to copper wires.

A much larger capacity is delivered to customers meaning the service provides less limits and this consists of both FTTC and FTTP technology.

6. Downstream

Downstream refers to the direction of traffic sent from the internet to the user. Essentially it is data which you download to your device.

7. Upstream

Upstream is the opposite of Downstream, where the internet user uploads data to the internet to a server.

8. Gigabit

Gigabit refers to a broadband connection which is up to 1000mbps. With Gigabit connections, upload and download speeds are usually equally as fast.

These type of connections are usually full fibre however it can differ depending on the ISP.  

Often the download and upload speeds are the same on Gigabit connections.

9. Fibre on Demand

Fibre on demand provides the customer with broadband through a bespoke installation directly to their premises at a speed of up to 1000mbps.

10. Superfast

The UK Government’s definition of Superfast is a broadband connection with a download speed of over 24mbps as decided within the Building Digital UK process.

We are part of a new generation of Communication Providers that facilitate wholesale connectivity to multiple businesses and consumers.

Our technology integrates full fibre optic cable directly to the premises, providing a high-speed connection that is always on and reliable, ensuring you have a stable connection to connect, watch, learn and play.

Interested in getting 13 x faster broadband to connect you to the future?  

Click here to find out if you are eligible!