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What is the difference between FTTP and FTTC?

Emma Reay, Communications Officer
14.2.2022

You may have heard the terms FTTP and FTTC banded around as Britain aims towards Project Gigabit and enhanced broadband for all (more details here).  

But what do the terms actually mean? And how are they relevant to you?  

In the following, we’ll do our best to demystify FTTP and FTTC, so you can ignore the gibberish some companies feed you, and know the real difference between a great connection and an outdated one.

What is FTTP (Fibre to the Premises)?

FTTP is an advanced cable delivery method which provides a fast and reliable broadband connection using a pure fibre optic cable connected from the exchange to the premises.

With this kind of connection, data is delivered via light reaching speeds of over 1000mbps.  

The speed and performance of this type of connection is consistently faster and more reliable compared to FTTC, which uses copper telephone lines for part of the connection.  

What is FTTC (Fibre to the Cabinet)?

FTTC uses a mix of fibre optic cables and copper cables.  

Fibre optic cables are used up to the street cabinet, and a copper telephone line is then connected to your home or place of work.  

This provides an internet connection which is linked to the router in your home, reaching speeds of 20-80mbps.  

FTTC is a much cheaper alternative to FTTP, however the connection is much slower compared to FTTP which moves at the literal speed of light.

One of the most confusing aspects of comparing FTTP to FTTC is both can be called fibre because technically they do both use fibre, however FTTP is full fibre whereas FTTC is only part fibre.

If you are thinking of switching to a much faster broadband connection, changing from an FTTC connection to FTTP connection, look no further.  

Our ISP Be Fibre is launching this year and we are on track to deliver hypersonic broadband to one million homes and businesses. Click here to find out if you are eligible.